Located approximately 814 kilometers from Bangkok is Krabi
Province, one of most attractive destinations in southern
Thailand. Encompassing an area of 4,708 square kilometers,
the western border of Krabi is the Andaman Sea, the northern
borders are Surat Thani and Phang-nga Provinces, the southern
borders are Trang Province and the Andaman Sea and the eastern
borders are Nakhon Si Thammarat and Trang Provinces. Krabi
is an ideal getaway destination teeming with natural attractions
including white sandy beaches, fascinating coral reefs, numerous
large and small islands and verdant forests with caves and
Krabi's topography is mostly mountains and
highlands separated by plains in some parts. Flowing through
Krabi City to the Andaman Sea at Pak Nam Sub-district is Maenam
Krabi which is 5 kilometers in length. In addition, there
are several canals originating from the province's highest
mountain range, Khao Phanom Bencha including Khlong Pakasai,
Khlong Krabi Yai and Khlong Krabi Noi. Lush mangrove forests
line the canals and the banks of Maenam Krabi particularly
before it empties into the Andaman Sea. The provinces sandy
soil conditions are suitable for growing various agricultural
products, particularly rubber trees, palms, coconuts, cashew
nuts and coffee.
Due to the influence of the tropical monsoon,
there are only two seasons in Krabi; the hot season from January
to April and the rainy season from May to December. Temperatures
range between 17 °C and 37 °C.
Krabi is administratively divided into 8
Amphoes (Districts): Amphoe Mueang, Khao Phanom, Khlong Thom,
Plai Phraya, Ko Lanta, Ao Luek, Lam Thap, and Nuea Khlong.
The provinces jurisdiction covers not only in-land districts
and sub-districts, but also extends to more than 130 large
and small islands including the world famous Phi Phi Islands.
In addition, Krabi is the location of two
world class beaches Ao Nang and Hat Rai Le which offer numerous
diving trips, restaurants, shops etc. Additional attractions
in the province are stunning limestone cliffs and rock formations
which make it a heaven for rock climbers and a National Park
located approximately 40 kilometers outside of town with lakes,
caves and spectacular natural scenery.
History of Krabi
Some archeologists claim that Krabi City
is one of the older settlements in the country as there is
archaeological evidence indicating that this area had been
home to homosapiens during the prehistoric times or between
25,000 - 35,000 B. C. The assumption has been strongly supported
by the discovery of stone tools, ancient colored pictures,
beads, pottery and skeletal remains in the provinces cliffs
In 1200 A.D., the area was known as Ban
Thai Samo, one of 12 royal cities that had a monkey as the
town symbol. During this period of time, Krabi was under the
rule of the Kingdom of Ligor, a city better known today as
Nakhon Si Thammarat.
During the reign of King Rama V (1868-1910),
the community was known as Pakasai Sub-county and remained
under the direct jurisdiction of Nakhon Si Thammarat province.
Around 1872, King Rama V elevated Pakasai
Sub-county to Krabi Province with the provincial administration
office situated at Krabi-yai Sub-county (currently, the office
is located near the estuary at Pak Nam Sub-district) and in
1875, ordered the separation of Krabi Province from Nakhon
Si Thammarat Province.
During the present reign, the corps of civil
servants, merchants, and the people of Krabi and nearby provinces
have collectively organized the construction of a royal residence
at Laem Hang Nak Cape which is thirty kilometers west of Krabi
Town on the Andaman coast to be presented to His Majesty the
Origin of the name Krabi
There are two legends concerning the origin
of the name "Krabi". The first is that villagers
presented a large ancient sword (or krabi) that was discovered
by chance to the governor. Later when a smaller, on discovering
a smaller one, it was also presented to the governor. Regarded
as sacred and auspicious, the governor decided to keep them
in the province. As the process for the establishment of the
province was still in progress, the swords were placed crossing
each other in Khao Khanap Nam cave. Since then, the crossed
swords have remained a part of the provincial seal.
The second legend is that "Krabi"
was derived from the name of a local tree known as "Lumphi".
The Malay and Chinese merchants mispronunciation of the name
to "Ka-lu-bi" or "Kho-lo-bi" finally resulted
in "Krabi" (or sword).
Distances from Amphoe Mueang (Town) to